One of the most evolutionary assisted reproductive technologies is surrogacy.
Opportunity to have a genetically own child, for many couples or single women and men is an integral part of life and attitude. Before a lot of women couldn’t enjoy happiness of having their own child, because as a result of surgery or congenital malformations they lost uterus, but saved their ovaries or they couldn’t carry pregnancy because of certain diseases and high risk for their or future baby health. However, the experiments on surrogate motherhood when the baby produced from the egg and sperm of other people is carried by a healthy woman, successfully completed in the Republic of South Africa and the United Kingdom in 1987 and 1989, opened up new prospects for the opportunity to have a genetically own child to couples and single people who were deprived of this opportunity before.
From the viewpoint of medical technology the surrogacy is carrying by a woman of the embryo resulted from the oocyte use of another woman, fertilized by the woman’s husband or donor’s sperm. The only specific feature of the surrogate motherhood is the achievement of synchronizing the patient’s cycle of stimulation and the surrogate mother’s development cycle of the endometrium and corpus luteum that is successfully achieved by modern methods of reproduction.
Much more difficult issues arise from legal (recruitment, search, signing consent by the surrogate mother) and ethical sides. In many European countries and some states of the USA surrogacy is expressly prohibited by the law, meanwhile in Russia surrogacy is regulated by the legislation.
The RF Federal Law dated November 21, 2011 №323-FZ «On the fundamental principles of the citizens’ health care in the Russian Federation», paragraph 9, Article 55 states that «Surrogacy is carrying and bearing a baby (including prematurity) under a contract concluded between a surrogate mother (a woman carrying a fetus after the embryo donor transfer) and potential parents whose germ cells were used for fertilization or a single woman who can’t carry and bear a child themselves for medical reasons.»
In Russia surrogacy is regulated by the following laws and regulations:
- Family Code, Art. 51-52.
- Federal Law dated November 21, 2011, number 323-FZ «On the fundamental principles of the citizens’ health care in the Russian Federation»,
- Law «On Civil Status» dated 15/11/97 number 143-FZ, art. 16
- the Ministry of Health Order number107n from 30.08.2012 «On the procedure for the use of assisted reproductive technologies, contraindications and limitations to their use.
To find Out more about surrogacy possibilities, please, contact our consultant : firstname.lastname@example.org, +7 964 839 76 23